The fonds contains organizational records that document the administration and activities of the University of Toronto Homophile Association from its founding in 1969, to its disbanding in 1973. It includes records pertaining to the Association’s governance, its outreach and educational efforts, po…
Established in 1969, the University of Toronto Homophile Association served as Canada’s first university- based homophile association. On October 15, 1969, Jearald Moldenhauer, one of the UTHA’s founding members, placed a personal advertisement in the University’s paper The Varsity, seeking “those interested in discussing the establishment of a student homophile association”. On October 24, 1969, 8 University of Toronto students and members of the public met at Moldenhauer’s McCaul Street apartment for the Association’s first meeting. The UTHA’s first official public gathering was held on November 4, 1969 at University College. Within a month, the UTHA registered under the University of Toronto’s Student Administrative Council and became an official student organization. The Association’s office was located at 12 Hart House Circle. The UTHA’s initial membership was 18, which increased to 45 by the end of 1969. A membership costed $3 per calendar year. Some of the group’s earliest members included Jearald Moldenhauer, Bill McRay, Ian Young, Charles Hill and Disa Rosen. Charles Hill was appointed as the UTHA’s first chairman, who was then followed by Ian Young.
The University of Toronto Homophile Association’s mandate centered around educating the community about homosexuality, combatting legal discrimination against homosexuality, and bringing about social and personal acceptance towards homosexuality. The Association's work included weekly discussion groups, public forums with invited guests, high school speaking engagements, an informal counselling service, research, political advocacy and referral services.
As a part of their education and outreach efforts, the UTHA provided resources through UTHA literature, brochures and bibliographies. The Association regularly set a table up in the free speech area of the University of Toronto’s Sidney Smith Hall, where material was distributed, books were sold and questions answered. Weekly discussion meetings were organized to discuss a variety of topics from sexuality and gay liberation, which were held at the upstairs lounge of the Graduate Student Union. The UTHA also organized talks given by guests including: Dr. Franklin Kameny, the President of the Washington Mattachine Society, English Buddhist philosopher Scott Symons, D.E. Harding, Dr. Persasd of the Ontario Department of Health and playwright John Herbert. Members of the Association also gave talks on homosexuality to student groups, high schools and more. The UTHA offered informal counselling services run by volunteers, which would deal with personal, psychological, religious, social and legal questions. UTHA Dances on and off campus were organized regularly.
In efforts to combat legal discrimination, the UTHA was involved in political advocacy and research projects on a variety of issues. The Association prepared and submitted a number of briefs to the Federal and Provincial governments, on the Immigration Act, the War Measures Act, the Criminal Code and lobbied for the protection of homosexuals in the Federal and Provincial Public Service. The UTHA also conducted and participated in research projects, including one that examined religious groups’ attitudes towards homosexuality and the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry’s study on male homosexuality in Toronto. Additionally, the UTHA worked on getting the Ontario Ministry of Health’s venereal disease pamphlet revised.
Soon after its founding, members of the UTHA became aware of the group’s wider appeal and interest amongst members of the general public. The need for a community group eventually led to the founding of the Community Homophile Association of Toronto in 1971, which was spearheaded by members of the UTHA, including Charles Hill. The UTHA disbanded in 1973.
Scope and Content
The fonds contains organizational records that document the administration and activities of the University of Toronto Homophile Association from its founding in 1969, to its disbanding in 1973. It includes records pertaining to the Association’s governance, its outreach and educational efforts, political advocacy, research projects and relationships with other Canadian homophile associations, women’s liberation and gay liberation groups. The fonds is composed of minutes, flyers, newsletters, brochures, correspondence, briefs, questionnaires, material collected on other organizations.
2- Education and Outreach
3- Political Advocacy and Research
4- External Groups
/01-/03: 14.5.7XXXMicrofilm Collection Series 11, Reel 41, 82
The collection is open to researchers.
Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from The ArQuives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that The ArQuives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holders.
The majority of paperclips, binders and staples were removed from the collection. Paper separators were added where necessary.
Original order of the first accession of University of Toronto Homophile Association records was disrupted in the 1970s, when the records were broken up into subject files upon their donation. In 1978, archivists James Fraser and Alan Miller reconstituted the collection. The second accession of UTHA records were found in a donation of personal records of the UTHA chairman Charles Hill. In 2019, the two accessions were processed by Ariana Ho to reflect a fonds.